I-140 Immigrant Petition for Alien Worker

What is an I-140 Petition?

An I-140 petition, or Immigrant Petition for Alien Worker, is filed to petition an alien worker to become a permanent resident in the United States. The employer must file an I-140 Petition on your behalf within 180 days from the date your Labor Certification is approved by the U. S. Department of Labor. An I-140 Petition may be filed without a Labor Certification where the beneficiary qualifies under EB-1 classification.

Who is an I-140 Petition Filed for and What are the Classifications?

On the I-140 Petition you will be asked to indicate the petition type.  Please note, an I-140 may be filed on behalf of beneficiaries classified as follows:

  • An alien of extraordinary ability (EB-1(A) Category)
  • An outstanding professor or researcher (EB-1(B) Category)
  • A multinational executive or manager (EB-1(C) Category)
  • A member of the professions holding an advanced degree or an alien of exceptional ability (EB-2)
  • A skilled worker (EB-3(A)(i))
  • A professional (EB-3(A)(ii))
  • Other workers (EB-3(A)(iii))

Please see our links on EB-1, EB-2, and EB-3 for more details.

What Materials Should Accompany Your I-140 Petition?

  • Completed Form I-140;
  • A copy of your approved Labor Certification;
  • Filing fee by check or money order made payable to the Department of Homeland Security;
  • Proof of the petitioner’s financial position to pay the beneficiary’s wages;
  • Experience letters from the beneficiary’s previous employers.
  • Other documents such as degree certificates, education evaluations, and qualification letters may be required.
  • In the I-140 petition, the employer must identify whether the beneficiary will apply for consular processing at an American consulate abroad for an immigrant visa or apply for adjustment of status to become a permanent resident within the United States.

Note on Ability to Pay Wages Issues

As part of the I-140 Petition, your employer must demonstrate it has the ability to pay the proffered wages specified in the Labor Certification from the time the Priority Date was established and continues to have this financial ability. As per the May 4, 2004 Memorandum from William R. Yates on the issue of “Determination of Ability to Pay under 8 CFR Sec. 204.5(g)(2)”, USCIS adjudicators should make a positive ability to pay determination in any one of the following circumstances where the record contains credible evidence that either the net income, net current assets, or wages paid are equal to or greater than the proffered wages. For this purpose, the employer's audited financial statements, corporate income tax return documents, and W-2 wages paid to the beneficiary should be submitted.  **Please note in recent months, USCIS has inquired with many petitioners regarding ability to pay not only an individual beneficiary, but the sum total of the proffered wages of all beneficiaries that the petitioner has filed immigrant petitions for.

Can you file I-140 and I-485 Concurrently?

If your priority date is current when filing your I-140, you are eligible to file your I-485 (Adjustment of Status) Petition concurrently. This includes I-485 Petitions for spouses and applicable children. To check if your priority date is current, please check the most recent visa bulletin
If you are filing your I-140 and I-485 concurrently, applications for Employment Authorization (EAD) and Advance Parole may also be filed at this time. 

What Happens After I Submit My I-140 Petition?

After USCIS obtains your I-140 Petition, a Receipt Notice is issued and a Receipt Number is assigned to your case. The processing time taken by USCIS to approve or reject the I -140 depends on whether a Request for Evidence (RFE) is issued, duplicate Requests for Evidence are issued, or a Notice of Intent to Deny is issued.  Furthermore, processing times can vary greatly given that particular Service Centers may have longer backlogs.  For general processing times please see the link.  If your case is approved, then an Approval Notice will be issued. Please note, approval of an I-140 does not confer any status or authorized period of stay permission. Your status will remain the same as prior to approval of your I-140 petition.

Am I Eligible for I-140 Premium Processing?

Filing I-140 with Premium Processing:
Currently, USCIS is accepting premium processing requests for the following I-140 categories:
1) Aliens of extraordinary ability
2) Outstanding professors and researchers
3) Members of professions with advanced degrees or exceptional ability not seeking a National Interest Waiver
4) Skilled workers
5) Professionals
6) Workers other than skilled workers and professionals

To request premium processing on an I-140, file Form I-907 and filing fee with the original Form I-140 petition to the appropriate USCIS Service Center.  To upgrade an I-140 from regular processing to premium process, file Form I-907 and the filing fee along with a copy of the I-140 Receipt Notice to the Service Center where the I-140 petition is pending.   Upon receiving Form I-907, the USCIS will either adjudicate the petition or issue a Request for Evidence within 15 days.

USCIS will not accept Form I-907 for premium processing on an I-140 petition if the I-140 petition is:
1) A second filing of a Form I-140 petition while an initial Form I-140 remains pending;
2) Duplicate Labor Certification requests (i.e., cases filed without an original labor certification from the Department of Labor), and;
3) A Form I-140 petition in which a final decision has been made.

What if My I-140 is Rejected?

Within thirty days of denial (thirty three days if the denial is received by postal mail) you may file an Appeal or a Motion to Reopen your I-140 Petition. An immediate consultation with your immigration attorney is a must at this point to gauge the reasons for the unfavorable adjudication and to assist you in deciding whether or not to proceed with a Motion to Reopen or an Appeal.  Please note if your I-140 Petition is denied, and you have a pending I-485(s), yours as well as your derivative beneficiary’s I-485(s) will be denied immediately.

What About My Dependents?

Spouses and children (under 21 at the time of I-140 approval) are entitled to permanent residence through your employment-based application. They are eligible for adjustment of status or consular processing.

Priority Date Carry-Over from a Previously Approved I-140

If a person has received an I-140 approval through an employer, the priority date then permanently belongs to him or her UNLESS the I-140 is revoked by the USCIS for misrepresentation.

If such a person changes employers and the approved I-140 is not revoked, the priority date will remain the old one, even though he or she have to process the labor certification and I-140 again with the new employer.  It does not matter where in USA the new job is located, what the new job title is, or whether the new job falls under EB-2 or EB-3.  The priority date is still transferrable.


Submitted by Mayank Kapoor (not verified) on Fri, 04/01/2022 - 07:24 Permalink

My Current Situation: My Priority date on I140 from my current employer is 7/5/2018 and I have a new job offer from a different employer. New employer has a policy to file my GC (new PERM and newI140 ) after 1 year from joining date. Suppose I join the new company in May 2022 they will start my Green card process in May 2023

Query: I want to know the risk in changing the job at this time considering my priority date of I140 with my current employer is 7/5/2018 and also taking into consideration the speed with which GC backlog is being cleared. If I join the new employer and my priority date becomes current and the new employer has not started PERM / I140 process by that time then what options do I have? Will I end up loosing my GC window and need to start from scratch?

Hello Rajiv Sir, Thank you for your response! Is there a time limit in which I need to apply for I-485 once my Priority date becomes current? I read somewhere on blogs that we need to apply for I-485 with in 1 year when priority date becomes current. Can I get H1B extensions with new employer after priority date becomes current ( considering that I am not able to file I-485 because PERM/I140 is not approved with new employer)

Submitted by Guwaeder (not verified) on Mon, 04/04/2022 - 22:52 Permalink

I applied for both I-140 and I-485, I got my EAD card work authorization, now I just received the rejection of my I-140, what will happen to the I-485, since my EAD card expire in August 2023. and what is the other options apart of motion and appeal?

Submitted by Rajiv S. Khanna on Tue, 04/05/2022 - 09:13 Permalink In reply to by Guwaeder (not verified)

If your I 140 is denied, the government will revoke your I-485 and all other benefits attached to it including employment authorization.

Since my I-140 got rejected this week and I am going to be out of status, can I refill both my I-140 and I-485 again to get my status valid .

Submitted by Rajiv S. Khanna on Tue, 04/26/2022 - 08:08 Permalink In reply to by Guwaeder (not verified)

There are many variables in this situation. You should speak with your own lawyers to chart out a comprehensive strategy.

Submitted by Ashok (not verified) on Tue, 05/10/2022 - 15:42 Permalink

Hi Rajiv,

My PERM is pending approval with Employer A.

I have an approved PERM with employer B and they are ready to file my I-140.

My intention is to stay with Employer A if the PERM is approved , when my I-140 is being filed by Employer A , will I need to mention the Previously filed I-140 with Employer B?

I don't want to use that priority date and I am ok with the new priority date from Employer A .

Moreover, Employer B will not be willing to provide me the I-140 details.

Thanks, Ashok

You may have a mistaken understanding of the law. Just because you have used a priority date obtained through Employer-A for a petition with Employer-B does not in any way take that priority date away from Employer-A. You can use the same priority date in multiple cases, through multiple employers without any priority date canceling out another.

Submitted by Kartik S (not verified) on Wed, 06/22/2022 - 02:43 Permalink

Hi, I got my I-140 approved recently and I will be completing the 180 day rule for priority date in December'22. I want to change my job as soon as possible. Can I start the process of H1-b transfer before the 180 days are up or I can start the process but not join before completing 180 days?

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