US Immigration Questions

Does approval of an I-485 EAD automatically invalidate my H-1B?

Question details

My Wife and Kid have an appointment to get stamped on H4 as i have a valid H1 till Jan2023 and I am in USA. Now I just received a notification that my EAD card is approved for my GC. Will this impact in any way for my Wife and Kid's H4 Stamping?

Your H-1B remains valid as long as you do not use the EAD. Mere approval of an EAD has no impact.

FAQ Transcript

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Note: Unless the context shows otherwise, all answers here were provided by Rajiv and were compiled and reported by our editorial team from comments, blog and community calls on immigration.com. Where transcribed from audio/video, a verbatim transcript is provided. Therefore, it may not conform to the written grammatical or syntactical form.

Name change during naturalization

Question details

If I request a name change on form N400, will it take longer to adjudicate the case? Is the name change processed by the adjudicating officer or by a judge?

It can take longer. The USCIS notes:

You can legally change your name after filing your application for naturalization with USCIS. If your name has changed after you filed a naturalization application, you must promptly provide USCIS with the document(s) that legally changed your name(s), such as a marriage certificate, divorce decree, court order, or other official record. Make sure to mention your name change and bring the documents related to your name change at the time of the interview.

FAQ Transcript

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Note: Unless the context shows otherwise, all answers here were provided by Rajiv and were compiled and reported by our editorial team from comments, blog and community calls on immigration.com. Where transcribed from audio/video, a verbatim transcript is provided. Therefore, it may not conform to the written grammatical or syntactical form.

Divorce while I-485 is pending: cross chargeability loss, section 498A criminal complaint

Question details

I work on H1B. My I 485 and wife's I-485 was filed in April 2022;
My priority date is Apr 2014; Have lived and worked in USA since 2004=Student visa and H-1Bvisa;
Wife was born in Nepal. She has the receipt number of my I-485 and her I-485;
I believe due to India Priority date current, I am eligible for filing and getting my GC without using cross-chargeability. Is there any implication that I should be aware of?
We are divorcing due to a mismatch in expectations. Got married in 2018; She came to the USA in early 2022 – after 4 years of disagreements and delays to live in the marriage with me.
She may file cases against me in India – such as 498A and claim that I used her Nepal birth for my GC. This was a genuine arranged marriage that was started through communication between our families.
Can she harm my I-485 case by directly communicating to USCIS about her claims. What possible risks I should plan for.
 

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FAQ Transcript

The way USCIS interprets legal separation or divorce as being the same status conceptually. While there is no direct law on your situation, since you do not need cross-chargeability, you should not have a problem. Regarding dowry complaints and charges like 498A, we have prevailed in several cases in both green card processes and naturalizations. As long as you can show that the charges are more likely than not untrue, you may be able to overcome the problem of criminal proceedings pending in India.

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Note: Unless the context shows otherwise, all answers here were provided by Rajiv and were compiled and reported by our editorial team from comments, blog and community calls on immigration.com. Where transcribed from audio/video, a verbatim transcript is provided. Therefore, it may not conform to the written grammatical or syntactical form.

PhD students and eligibility for EB-2 NIW and working on F-1 OPT

Question details

1) Is it possible for current PhD students to apply for EB-2 NIW?
I have been through websites where they have said It's Possible, but then why is it not possible for current MS students?
2) Is it possible to work and study in F-1 OPT after completing the degree?
 

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FAQ Transcript

Sure, you can apply for any of these green cards while you are still a student.

Please go through my article in The Economic Times: 

https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/nri/migrate/can-student-visa-holders-apply-for-a-green-card/articleshow/83976519.cms

NIW laws require only that you possess an advanced degree. A Master’s degree is an advanced degree.

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Note: Unless the context shows otherwise, all answers here were provided by Rajiv and were compiled and reported by our editorial team from comments, blog and community calls on immigration.com. Where transcribed from audio/video, a verbatim transcript is provided. Therefore, it may not conform to the written grammatical or syntactical form.

Naturalization issues when one continues to work with the new employer on GC instead of joining back the old employer

Question details

1. My previous employer applied for my GC and it just got approved on 07/15/2022.
(a): I have EB3 and EB2 I-140 approved from the same employer.
(b): Filed 485 based on EB3 priority date and received EAD and AP.
(c): No interfiling done to move from EB3 to EB2 and GC got approved.

2. I joined a new employer 5 months ago using H1B with mutual understanding with my previous employer. In case needed, I would join them back. No I-485J transfer has been done so far.

Q: Can I continue to work with my new employer using my GC instead of H-1B?
 

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FAQ Transcript

You can, but you should join the sponsoring employer within a commercially reasonable time.

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Note: Unless the context shows otherwise, all answers here were provided by Rajiv and were compiled and reported by our editorial team from comments, blog and community calls on immigration.com. Where transcribed from audio/video, a verbatim transcript is provided. Therefore, it may not conform to the written grammatical or syntactical form.

How soon can I file for an H-1B transfer after joining, and do I need the employer's permission?

Question details

Q1. After the H-1B COS is approved, how long will I need to work with my current employer before I can file H-1B transfer?
Q2. Do I need permission from my current employer for H-1B transfer?
 

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FAQ Transcript

1. There is no law that requires you to wait a certain number of days before you can apply for a transfer.

2. You can change employers without the first employer's permission. There is absolutely no issue.

 

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Note: Unless the context shows otherwise, all answers here were provided by Rajiv and were compiled and reported by our editorial team from comments, blog and community calls on immigration.com. Where transcribed from audio/video, a verbatim transcript is provided. Therefore, it may not conform to the written grammatical or syntactical form.

Potential conflict between employment in India and F-1 visa status

Question details

I am currently working at a company in India. I am eligible to claim Employee Stock Option (ESOPS) on 17th August 2022. However, I will be landing in Dallas, USA on 10th August on F-1 Visa (For Fall 22). The company will still offer those ESOPs, but the official relieving date will be on 17th August. From 9th August onwards till 17th August, I will be on Loss of Pay Leave i.e (unpaid leave). I am worried that situation would create a conflict with my F-1 visa status.

1. I want to know whether this is legal as I will be employed at a company in India for 7 days after arrival in the U.S. on an F-1 visa.
2. Whether this will cause problems in future when I apply for OPT or H-1B or even EB-3 as my previous employment end date is 7 days after arrival in the U.S.?

1. It appears that you are getting a benefit based on the work you have already done. You will NOT be performing any "new" work for the Indian company.

2. I do not see this as an issue. 

 

FAQ Transcript

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Note: Unless the context shows otherwise, all answers here were provided by Rajiv and were compiled and reported by our editorial team from comments, blog and community calls on immigration.com. Where transcribed from audio/video, a verbatim transcript is provided. Therefore, it may not conform to the written grammatical or syntactical form.

For PERM, can I use my master's degree completed after I joined?

Question details

My master's degree was officially completed after joining my current company, but I had already earned 54 out of 57 total credits of my master's degree before joining this company. So, can I use this master's degree to satisfy job requirements for my GC sponsored by this company?
 

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FAQ Transcript

The answer is probably not for the same job for which you were hired. You cannot use your master's degree that you obtained after you joined as a software developer, but you could certainly use it for the next higher job.

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Note: Unless the context shows otherwise, all answers here were provided by Rajiv and were compiled and reported by our editorial team from comments, blog and community calls on immigration.com. Where transcribed from audio/video, a verbatim transcript is provided. Therefore, it may not conform to the written grammatical or syntactical form.

Continuing work or reverting to STEM OPT during H-1B Change of Status

Question details

Q1. If I change my employer while my H-1B COS is filed but not yet approved, then can I keep using my OPT and STEM with my new employer, or I will lose both OPT & H-1B, and will be out of status?

Q2. If my H-1B COS is denied, then can I keep using my OPT and STEM, or I will lose both OPT & H-1B, and will be out of status?

Q3. How often does it happen that H-1B COS, transfer, and renewal get denied? And what could be possible reasons for denial?
 

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FAQ Transcript

1. You can  double check with your DSO  about the technical issues involved.

2. You have to go back to your DSO and tell them you would like to continue on OPT STEM.

3. All the time.
 

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Note: Unless the context shows otherwise, all answers here were provided by Rajiv and were compiled and reported by our editorial team from comments, blog and community calls on immigration.com. Where transcribed from audio/video, a verbatim transcript is provided. Therefore, it may not conform to the written grammatical or syntactical form.

Experience & education requirements for a PERM/labor certification-based green card

Question details

1. How often does it happen that an employment-based green card gets rejected or delayed just because the minimum job requirements were low?

2. What could be decent experience & education requirements for a job to successfully get an employment-based green card.

3. My current employer is filing my green card with minimum requirements of a bachelor's and 1~2 years of experience, but my current qualifications are a master's and 2~3 years of experience. So, is it worth finding a new job and employer where my green card can be filed based on my current higher qualifications?
 

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FAQ Transcript

1. It will get rejected not because the requirements were low, but because the requirements were so basic that there were many applications for it.

2. It depends upon the job. Difficult to answer this.

3. Here again the question is not so much what your qualifications are but what the job requires.
 

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Note: Unless the context shows otherwise, all answers here were provided by Rajiv and were compiled and reported by our editorial team from comments, blog and community calls on immigration.com. Where transcribed from audio/video, a verbatim transcript is provided. Therefore, it may not conform to the written grammatical or syntactical form.