Employment Based Green Cards FAQs

Changing Jobs During Green Card

Authored on: Thu, 01/15/2015 - 15:59

Question

I am still in the process of getting a green card. During this process I want to change my job from a present one to another one that is more challenging than the present one. Would this in any way affect getting the green card or is it advisable not to shift jobs now?

Answer

 

See clip from Attorney Rajiv S. Khanna's conference call video that addresses this question.  

https://www.youtube.com/watch?x-yt-cl=84359240&v=uaBshBiaCUg&x-yt-ts=1421782837&feature=player_detailpage#t=719


FAQ Transcript

In this scenario we have employment based people who are good workers, very skilled people and they have a lot of trouble changing jobs or advancing in their careers because technically while the green card is going on even if you take up a promotion you could end up losing your current green card and have to start all over again - at least part of the process. So this is not a good thing. 

Keeping in view with the current law what Obama had said on November 21st about his plan and finally what this bill (Immigration Innovation Act) says. 

First of all under the current law if you change your employers before your I-140 approval is obtained you will lose everything. You have to start all over again. That means if you are a EB-1 based candidate your I-140 must be approved. If you are an EB-2 or EB-3 based upon the labor certification your perm application must be approved and then you’re I-140 must be approved. Remember I-140 can be filed by premium processing. So you got to get your I-140 approved very quickly. Generally speaking if you move before I-140 is approved you get nothing. If you move after I-140 is approved but before I- 485 is filed you keep your priority date and you keep the right to extend H-1 beyond six years as long as the I-140 is not revoked. This is an important concept to remember. You keep your priority date - that means when you go to the next employer you will have to start the green card all over again but your priority date will be the date the first case was filed which again is a very big advantage. The priority date is capped but here is an additional provision. if your priority dates are current and you have filed I-485 with the old employer, after 180 days of the I-485 pendency and the I-140 approval you can take any job anywhere with any employer and be able to carry the same green card forward without having to redo any work. so before I-140 you get nothing, after I-140 and before I-485 you get your priority date and the right to extend your H-1 beyond 6 years and after I-140 approval plus I-485 filing 180 days thereafter you get the right to keep your green card even if you take a slight promotion with another employer or move to an entirely different employer as long as the jobs are same or similar. 

President Obama said normally applicant can only file the last step - the I-485 if the priority date is current. He said he would change that by allowing the applicant to file I-485 along with the I-140 no matter where the priority dates are. This is a big advantage. That means technically just roughly speaking once you start your green card process through PERM in a year and half you could be free to join any employer – proximately or two years at the most as long as you  maintain the job category you are in. President Obama also said he is going to make it clear that advancement in career is considered to be same or similar job so that your green card will not be disturbed. And that idea has been very welcomed. Combine that with the Immigration Innovation Act you could be getting your green card much earlier than 3, 4, 5....10 years that you are waiting for right now. So all these things combined are very good signs for people in a situation such as the query above. If you have not yet got your I-140 approved and you are far from that stage it’s ok as long as you don’t have H-1 problems. If you are about to get the I-140 approved then get it approved. If you have H-1 issues beyond six years make sure the second H-1 is approved before you change employers. Once the H-1 is approved for 3 more years even if the old employer revokes the I-140 they cannot take your right to the H-1 you already got. You can start another green card and protect yourself.

Change in Job Titles/Duties During Green Card Process

Authored on: Fri, 12/05/2014 - 16:10

Question

I have I-140 approved with title business systems analyst. Promoted to director in the same job profile , H-1B amended to reflect the title but no new PERM filed as was explained by my lawyer that it is OK to have some career progression and more than 50% of job duties are same as old job. Now we are going to go through another re-org and probably I may not have the same title but senior business systems analyst . What are the steps<br>
1. Do we need to file new perm or wait for the new law and apply H-1B reflecting the new title<br>
2. Apply for EAD on the basis of existing I-140 approved as business systems analyst.<br>
Please advice..

Answer

See clip from Attorney Rajiv S. Khanna's conference call video that addresses this question.  

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3YV-qIlAEpI#t=8F

FAQ Transcript 

What do I do, if there is change in job title or duties during the Green Card? What happened in this scenario is that he got I-140 approved with title business system analyst, he got promoted to director and his lawyer said that, it's OK to have some career progression and more than 50%of the job duties. 

I think we have stated on our website also and I told you that's little optimistic, be careful because there is absolutely no guarantee under today's law, that if your duties changed, you don't have to start new green card process all over again, President Obama has said in his executive order that, they will make it clear through memorandum or regulation. I think it's memorandum that the definition of same or similar job for green card purposes would include those jobs where they are related or the job is in natural progression in a person's career.  

But my problem is OK in the context of AC-21, but you are not on AC-21 stage, you are really before that stage. Of course, Obama's is proposal and his executive order goes all the way, things might be different. But as of today a person in your situation, better of starting second Green card process for the higher job and then transferring the priority date. Why take a chance its a few thousand dollars, it's well worth it I would take a chance. If I am your lawyer, I would say look you should start a second green card process, just to be in safe side.

Obama's Immigration Action EAD At I-140 Stage

Authored on: Mon, 11/24/2014 - 00:52

Question

I am on H-1B Visa, got my I-140 approved in EB-2 Category and waiting for the dates to get current. Based on Executive Action, shall I be given any EAD ? Or at least any other forms so that I can travel and need not go for Visa Stamping and all the additional paper work.

Answer

I have heard that there is a proposal to allow filing of I-485 at the I-140 stage, without waiting for priority dates to be current. This, if implemented, would get you an EAD as well as the right to change jobs under AC21. Unfortunately, there is no clear indication about this proposal in any government document so far. 

Obama's Immigration Action - EB-3 Quota

Authored on: Mon, 11/24/2014 - 00:48

Question

Does this impact EB-3 India wait times and also does this lift counting on family members/dependents for visa numbers /quota ?

Answer

Obama's Immigration Action plan could impact all waiting time for EB categories. We are not clear how far or how quickly. There is no indication that the method counting green cards will be changed to One per family, instead of one for each family member in an employment-based case. President has asked for recommendations for improvement within 120 days. We shall see.

Discrepancies In Date Of Birth Information

Authored on: Tue, 11/11/2014 - 09:30

Question

Currently my I-140 is approved and now for the I-485 I need to present date of birth certificate. Problem is that DOB on certificate is correct and on all other documents including school, college, and passport and in all US records it is in correct. It started with wrong DOB in 10th certificate which was used in college, passport and finally all US documents. Now I went through all the channels and found the ways to change in passport and in all US documents. Question is what legal problems I should be prepared for and how it impacts my US records once it is changed. I am in US for last 7 years. I need to take decision on this as if it is worth doing it or just go back to India and may be forget about GC for this time. Really appreciate you taking out time for this kind of questions.
Really appreciate you taking out time for this kind of questions.

Answer

FAQ: Discrepancies In Date Of Birth Information

FAQ Transcript

First of all you don't need to leave USA and go away and the question regarding should I forget about Green Card?

No, not at all. What you do is when you file I-140/I-485 make sure you mention your correct date of birth. Try to get your documents corrected, if you cannot get corrected have your lawyers file affidavit explaining what happened. But always go with correct date of birth.

Have we done this in the past? Yes we have. Have we had the problems? Little bit. 

We have to make sure that government understands it what the reason is and that we are just not being cute and trying to take advantage in some ways by creating the false identification. As long as government is convinced about that I usually see no further problems. So just don't give up, there should be detailed explanation, we should make attempt to make sure that you have corrected all the information about your date of birth on your passport, your school certificate. Whatever you can correct it, whatever you cannot correct document it. 

So, yes you do need your correct date of birth and because the documents for immigration in the United States are all filed under the Penalty of Perjury, your information must be correct.

Note: This is a verbatim transcript of the referenced audio/video media delivered as oral communication, and, therefore, may not conform to written grammatical or syntactical form.

EB-1C (Multinational Manager) Eligibility and Clarifications

Authored on: Wed, 10/22/2014 - 04:58

Question

I joined an IT company B abroad and worked for 1 year (Dec' 10 - Dec' 11). I came to US on H-1B (Dec' 11) and am still working with company A (it is the parent company of company B). In both cases I played the role of a manager.<br>

1) Am I eligible for EB-1C (Multinational manager)?<br>
2) In my case since I'm still with the parent company, does the 3 yrs start from the first time I came to US (Dec' 11) or will be from the current time (Oct' 14)?
3) Do software engineers (graduated in engineering) reporting to me qualify as professionals (EB-1C qualifying criteria for managerial role)? If not, what qualifies my role in the IT company as managerial and eligible for EB-1C?<br>
4) What evidences are required from me / the employer to confirm my qualification for EB-1C and also makes it a strong case?
<br>

Answer

Looks like you should be eligible for EB-1C. In cases like yours, three years are not an issue, if I remember the rule correctly. You can apply. Engineers qualify as professionals. As to the last point about good evidence, let your lawyers worry about it. I cannot write a meaningful answer. 

Travel During Pendency of I-829

Authored on: Fri, 08/22/2014 - 05:16

Question

Is it a problem to travel outside the US after the temp GC has expired, and assuming the I-829 wouldn't get approved by then ?

Answer

When the I-829 fees receipt is issued, it should state that your green card is extended for one year and travel and work during this time is permitted.

When the I-829 fees receipt is issued, it should state that your green card is extended for one year and travel and work during this time is permitted. - See more at: http://www.immigration.com/comment/14360#comment-14360
When the I-829 fees receipt is issued, it should state that your green card is extended for one year and travel and work during this time is permitted. - See more at: http://www.immigration.com/comment/14360#comment-14360

The pending rules for EB-1

Authored on: Fri, 06/06/2014 - 03:08

Question

Are they changing the law for EB-1? What is the change?

Answer

The only PROPOSED change is that Outstanding and Researchers will be allowed to present evidence beyond the six categories stated in the regulations.
The only PROPOSED change is that Outstanding and Researchers will be allowed to present evidence beyond the six categories stated in the regulations. - See more at: http://www.immigration.com/comment/13356#comment-13356
The only PROPOSED change is that Outstanding and Researchers will be allowed to present evidence beyond the six categories stated in the regulations. - See more at: http://www.immigration.com/comment/13356#comment-13356
The only PROPOSED change is that Outstanding and Researchers will be allowed to present evidence beyond the six categories stated in the regulations. - See more at: http://www.immigration.com/comment/13356#comment-13356

EB-2 or EB-3

Authored on: Tue, 04/22/2014 - 05:54

Question

I have two Bachelor's degrees from US universities. A 3-year Bachelor degree in Science and a 2-year Bachelor's degree in engineering. Will I be considered for a EB-2 visa with this?
In case I don't qualify for EB-2, my dilemma is that, I have worked approx 4 years at my current job. Should I wait another year to file EB-2 or should I just file EB-3 now? Also, do internships qualify when counting the number of years of work after school?

Answer

Internships do qualify as experience. You need to get your degrees evaluated under AACAO EDGE standards first .

GC in L1-A Visa

Authored on: Wed, 03/05/2014 - 09:30

Question

I have 14 years of overall IT experience and performing Manager, Service delivery role for past 3 years. Planning to enter USA in L-1A visa. I have a team of 30 resources, working in Chennai, Shanghai and San Jose. They all report to me. <br>
My Questions:<br>
1. How long I need to wait to initiate the GC process?<br>
2. Do I have a choice of selecting the type - EB-1 vs EB-2?<br>
3. I don't have bachelors or masters degree. Will that be a barrier for applying GC?<br>
4. Should I apply ONLY through my employer or can I apply myself

Answer

1. You can apply for green card without any wait.
2. Yes, but EB-1 is a gazillion times faster for Indian-born people.
3. Degree is not a requirement for international managers/execs.
4. Your employer needs to apply.