EB-2 vs. EB-3 visa filing: Pros, cons, and priority date considerations

Question details

My perm got approved on Oct 5, 2023. I am an Indian citizen with a priority date from my previous employer filing as March 28, 2012. As per the Oct 2023 visa bulletin, I am current under the “Dates for Filing” chart for EB2 and the “Final Action Date” chart for EB3. My employer's immigration firm insists on filing my I140, I485, I765, I131, and I693 under EB2 instead of EB3 for my case. So two questions:

1) Can you please explain the pros and cons of filing under EB2 and the pros and cons of filing under EB3?

2) As the EB3 “Final Action Date” chart is current for my priority date. Wouldn’t it be better for my case to be filed under EB3 instead of EB2, ensuring my 485 will get decided faster if filed under EB3 instead of EB2? Isn’t it?


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FAQ Transcript

According to law it is evident that even with an approved EB-2 case, you have the option to file the I-140 under EB-3 – that's a choice open to you, and no one can dispute it. However, this doesn't mean that your I-140 and PERM are permanently tied to EB-3. What is typically done is filing the I-140 under the category that offers a more advantageous date. For instance, if you are in the EB-2 category and the EB-2 date is more favorable, you would file under EB-2. Conversely, if EB-3 is more beneficial, you would choose that option.

It's important to note that you cannot upgrade from an EB-3 PERM to an EB-2 I-140, but you can downgrade from an EB-2 I-140 to an EB-3 I-140 – or the other way around, downgrading from an EB-2 PERM to an EB-3 I-140.

So, when you have an EB-2 PERM, you have the flexibility to file under either EB-3, EB-2, or both. Importantly, this filing of the I-140 does not terminate your case or prevent you from returning to EB-2 in the future. Thus, there's no compelling reason not to consider filing under EB-3. As for whether it's better to file your case under EB-3 or EB-2, my recommendation would be to file I-140s for both categories – EB-3 I-140 and EB-2 I-140. However, for the I-485, it's advisable to file with EB-3 – that's likely the most suitable course of action.