US Immigration Questions

Filing multiple PERM applications, PERM Recruitment period, and Processing Times for PWD (Prevailing Wage Determination)

Question details

Can we file two PERM simultaneously, one for the current job level and one for the future promoted level? My employer filed my green card based on my master's degree and no experience as a job requirement. So, what are the chances it will pass recruitment during PERM, keeping the current recession in mind?

 

ANSWER
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Technically, you can apply for two jobs like this because they are two different jobs. Definitely when there are specific skill requirements the chances of success are a lot better.

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Unless the context shows otherwise, all answers here were provided by Rajiv and were compiled and reported by our editorial team from comments, blog and community calls on immigration.com. Where transcribed from audio/video, a verbatim transcript is provided. Therefore, it may not conform to the written grammatical or syntactical form.

Immigration Law

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Eligibility for EB-1A (Extraordinary Ability)

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I am in 3rd year of an H1B visa, and my current employer has filed for a green card (currently in the PERM process). I am currently a Sr. Energy Engineer with industry experience of 5+ years.

I have evidence for all the criteria. Do you think I might be eligible for the EB1A category?

 

ANSWER
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EB-1As are given based upon the two-step analysis. The first step is quantitative: Do you meet three out of ten requirements and if you do then you go to step two. Click here for more

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Unless the context shows otherwise, all answers here were provided by Rajiv and were compiled and reported by our editorial team from comments, blog and community calls on immigration.com. Where transcribed from audio/video, a verbatim transcript is provided. Therefore, it may not conform to the written grammatical or syntactical form.

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Gap in status, for instance, H-1B and H-4 status issues

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I was on F1, and my spouse was on F2. My H1B was approved in 2020 for client A, but COS from F1 to H1B was denied, so I just continued my F1 status. Later, I moved to client B, and my employer filed an H1B Amendment and got the complete approval with I-94, effective 29th April 2022. After approval, we filed I539 for my spouse's COS from F2 to H4 (still pending) with a receipt date of 17th May 2022.

Question: Since there is a gap between my H1B start date (04/29) and my H4 receipt date (05/17), may the USCIS deny our case? If so, what are our best options to proceed further?

 

ANSWER
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FAQ Transcript

Technically Yes, this can be an issue.

Nóte:

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Unless the context shows otherwise, all answers here were provided by Rajiv and were compiled and reported by our editorial team from comments, blog and community calls on immigration.com. Where transcribed from audio/video, a verbatim transcript is provided. Therefore, it may not conform to the written grammatical or syntactical form.

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H-4EAD visa holders opening an LLC in the U.S. and employing their H-1B holding spouse on concurrent H-1B

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My spouse is on H4 EAD, and I'm on H1B. Can she start an LLC and apply for a concurrent H1B for me so I can do two jobs? Please let me know if this is legally possible. Any dangers associated with it?

ANSWER
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Sure why not as long as you are truthful with the government. Concurrent H-1Bs do not require Lottery again.

 

 

Nóte:

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Unless the context shows otherwise, all answers here were provided by Rajiv and were compiled and reported by our editorial team from comments, blog and community calls on immigration.com. Where transcribed from audio/video, a verbatim transcript is provided. Therefore, it may not conform to the written grammatical or syntactical form.

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Recapturing H-1B unused time (Remainder Option); Changing H-1B field; USCIS’s stand on combining degree and work experience

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1. Regarding 'H1B remainder option', what is the time limit (in years) where one can remain outside the US and still recapture their H1B remaining years? I am currently in India and have been here for two years now. I have approx. 4.5 yrs remaining on H1B and would like to recapture it. By when should I find an employer/employment so that I am eligible to use this H1B remainder option?

2. I did a Masters in chemical engineering in the US, and my H1B was issued in 2019. H1B is a specialty occupation, and I was told that H1B could only be used to work in the same field of study, i.e., chemical engineering in my case. However, with this 'H1B remainder option', are you inferring that one can actually change professions and still work in domains like software or finance in the US again?

 

ANSWER
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Even if you were outside for ten years you could still come under the remainder option as per the laws today. 

You can change professions as long as you have a degree in the right field.

 

Nóte:

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Unless the context shows otherwise, all answers here were provided by Rajiv and were compiled and reported by our editorial team from comments, blog and community calls on immigration.com. Where transcribed from audio/video, a verbatim transcript is provided. Therefore, it may not conform to the written grammatical or syntactical form.

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Explaining PERM Prevailing Wage Determination (PWD) and its elements

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I am on the H-1B visa right now, still in my initial 3-year window, have this query about Prevailing wages In the Perm process. My company is filing Perm under the EB2 category, it was submitted in September 2022, and the current wait time is around 8-10 months so I am still waiting to hear back from authorities.

1. I had asked my lawyer for a copy of the PWD, but they said it is a company document. Is that correct?

2. When I asked about the wages mentioned in the document, they told me the figure is 123k $ and would be paid to me after the green card is received. This prevailing wage figure is 35% higher than my current wages. Does the prevailing wage figure include cost to the company? ( insurance,401k plan for which company pays for me) or is this figure to be paid to me as a yearly salary? Also, being an Indian, and Since mine is EB2 filing, I may not receive a green card until the next 15-20 years. Is there a way I can negotiate for this salary after the perm is approved?

 

ANSWER
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  1. The answer is Yes, because it is the employer's property. 
  2. One of the things you can do is, if you are trying to get a document from your file, you can check with the BAR which is typically governed by the Supreme Court of the state, the highest court of the state where the lawyer is admitted. You can find out what the rules are and they are usually very good about talking to members of the general public. Regarding the salary it is up to you, but there is no law that requires the employer to pay you right now. It is a future salary. For more information on what the wages should be you go to flcdatacenter.com.
Nóte:

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Unless the context shows otherwise, all answers here were provided by Rajiv and were compiled and reported by our editorial team from comments, blog and community calls on immigration.com. Where transcribed from audio/video, a verbatim transcript is provided. Therefore, it may not conform to the written grammatical or syntactical form.

Immigration Law

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Changing employers after I-140 approval; priority date transfer, I-140 revocation impact

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I have been on H1B for almost 5 years and I recently got my PERM approved. My employer will file for I-140 soon. My question is related to priority dates. I saw one of your videos where you explained that the priority date practically belongs to the employee. So does that mean when an employee gets I-140 approval then the employee can change employer at any time and keep the same priority date for the next filing with the new employer?

What happens if an employee leaves or gets laid off after a month of getting i140 approval and the old employer decides to withdraw/revoke the application? In this case, can the new employer use the same priority date or get the new one for the employee? If a new employer gets the new one then what happens when an employee's 6 yr H1B term has finished before new i140 approval comes, does he/she get extension on H1B based on new application?

 

ANSWER
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FAQ Transcript

As per the regulations dated 17, January 2017 the moment your I-140 is approved the priority date is your property not the employers. Therefore even if the I-140 is revoked the same day and if it was approved, that priority date is yours to keep. You can take it across to any employer. If you go to another employer and if yours is a labor cert based case being filed you have to redo the PERM and the I-140 but you will carry the old priority date which is a big advantage.

In addition to your priority date, if the I-140 remains approved for 180 days, you can continue to extend your H-1B with any employer after six years. They cannot take that right away even if they revoke your I-140.

 

Nóte:

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Unless the context shows otherwise, all answers here were provided by Rajiv and were compiled and reported by our editorial team from comments, blog and community calls on immigration.com. Where transcribed from audio/video, a verbatim transcript is provided. Therefore, it may not conform to the written grammatical or syntactical form.

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H-1B was approved with a new I-94 but the date of onboarding was extended by the employer

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I was on H-4, and it was valid till Jan 2023. I got my h1b approved via the Change of Status application and it came along with a new I-94 date. My employer is saying that they need some time to onboard me. They are working on finding a suitable project for me and it is going to take some time. Is it ok to defer the joining date and should my employer or I file any application to let USCIS know that I am not starting the job right away?

 

ANSWER
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FAQ Transcript

That is  not your problem, they should be really paying you. It is illegal. They cannot keep the employee out of a payroll. Employers cannot stop paying you  merely because they don't have a project.

 

Nóte:

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Unless the context shows otherwise, all answers here were provided by Rajiv and were compiled and reported by our editorial team from comments, blog and community calls on immigration.com. Where transcribed from audio/video, a verbatim transcript is provided. Therefore, it may not conform to the written grammatical or syntactical form.

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Laid off on H-1B or L-1A; 60 days grace period, maintaining status, switching to and back from I-485 EAD; Priority date becomes current but there is no job in hand

Question details

Given the current situation with tech layoffs, I wanted to understand the options available for people in my situation.

I’m currently working in the US on H-1B and my GC application (I-485) with PD July 2014 and 485 is in “Case remains pending”.

I have 485 EAD approved till 2024 and Advanced Parole is still pending.

  1. Since we only have 60 days on H-1B to find a new job. How easy is it to switch to EAD? Is there a procedure to follow to switch to EAD?
  2. Once someone switches to EAD. Can they again switch back to working on H1 after finding a job?
  3. Now if someone switches to EAD and their date becomes current before they can find a job. What are their options?

Now if someone switches to EAD and their date becomes current before they can find a job. What are their options?

Also, do we have any info on what the status “Case Remains Pending” means?

 

ANSWER
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FAQ Transcript

1. Switching to EAD is very easy. There is no formal process for it. All you have to do is when you want to convert from H-1B or if you have been laid off present your EAD as documentation of your authorization to work.

2. Travel back into the United States with an H-1B visa and that of course comes after you get an approval from the USCIS.

3. In a case like this you should get your approval. Make sure you get the next job in the same or similar field. Keep some documentation that shows they are in the same or similar field.

 

Nóte:

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Unless the context shows otherwise, all answers here were provided by Rajiv and were compiled and reported by our editorial team from comments, blog and community calls on immigration.com. Where transcribed from audio/video, a verbatim transcript is provided. Therefore, it may not conform to the written grammatical or syntactical form.

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Rule to recapture H-1B unused time (Remainder Option); What if I change professions?

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I did my Masters in chemical engineering in the US and then worked for an environmental firm in NYC, where my H1B was sponsored. I got my H1B in 2019 (Oct 2019 start date), and then I moved to India in Dec 2020, and it’s been almost 2 yrs here in India.

I have approx. 4.5 yrs remaining on my H1B. My questions are below:

1. Am I eligible to use the H1B remainder option for a different employer under a different field under cap exemption? I want to know if I can work in the business domain and not in the chemical field using the H1B remainder option.

2. Say I find an employer in the US in the business domain who is willing to sponsor me directly? Do I need to apply for a new H1B and go through the April lottery? What are the consequences?

3. Lastly, if I plan to do an MBA, which would be my second master's in the US, is it possible to use the H1B remainder option from my first master's and work in the business domain?

 

ANSWER
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FAQ Transcript
  1. Yes, you can.
  1. If you want to work in a different domain that does not stop you from using the reminder option. I see no problem.
  1. H-1B does not prohibit you from going to school. You could work and go to school at the same time.
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Unless the context shows otherwise, all answers here were provided by Rajiv and were compiled and reported by our editorial team from comments, blog and community calls on immigration.com. Where transcribed from audio/video, a verbatim transcript is provided. Therefore, it may not conform to the written grammatical or syntactical form.

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